The Enchanting Birthstone for May: Emerald

The Enchanting Birthstone for May: Emerald


As we transition from the blooming flowers of April to the warm sunshine of May, we celebrate the enchanting birthstone of the month of May – the emerald. Known for its vivid green hue and mesmerizing sparkle, the emerald has been treasured for its beauty and rarity for thousands of years. Whether you’re a lover of gemstones or not, exploring emeralds’ history, characteristics, and symbolism is sure to captivate and intrigue you.

In this article, we’ll look closer at the fascinating world of emeralds and discover why it’s such a beloved gemstone for many. So, sit back, relax, and prepare to be enchanted by the magical world of the May birthstone – the emerald.

The History of The Emerald

The word “emerald” actually comes from the Greek word “smaragdos,” which means “green gem.”

The origins of emeralds can be traced back to ancient times, with the earliest evidence of the gemstone found in Egypt dating back to 1500 BCE. The Egyptians considered emeralds a symbol of fertility and rebirth, often burying emeralds with their deceased. They believed the gemstone possessed healing properties and utilized it in medicine to treat various ailments.

Cleopatra is the most famous historical figure to cherish the emerald. She wore emerald gemstones in her jewelry and even claimed ownership of all emerald mines in Egypt during her reign.

For over five centuries, the highest quality emeralds have come from Colombia, which is considered the benchmark for excellence. Colombia’s three most remarkable mining locations are Muzo, Chivor, and Coscuez. The emerald can also be found in other countries, such as Brazil, Africa, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

The Incas and Aztecs of South America also cherished emeralds and believed in their mystical and spiritual attributes. They incorporated the gemstone into their religious ceremonies and fashioned it into intricate jewelry.

During the Middle Ages, European royalty and nobility highly valued emeralds and used them in their crowns, scepters, and other royal insignia. However, the supply of emeralds was limited, and they were often exceedingly expensive and hard to come by.

Today, emeralds are still highly coveted for their exceptional beauty and rarity. Whether interested in the history of emeralds or just drawn to its captivating green color, it is indisputable that this gemstone has fascinated people for thousands of years.

The Characteristics of The Emerald

Emeralds are a type of mineral called beryl, which gets its green color from the presence of chromium and vanadium. Emeralds have specific characteristics that are worth noting, including:

Color: The most valuable emeralds have a vivid and intense green color with slight hints of blue or yellow. The color can range from light green to deep, rich green. It is considered that the darker the green, the more valuable the emerald.

Clarity: Natural emeralds usually have inclusions and fractures called “jardin” in the gem trade. Some inclusions are acceptable, as they can add to the gemstone’s unique character and beauty.

Hardness: According to the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, emeralds have a rating of 7.5 to 8, which makes them relatively sturdy and long-lasting.

Luster: Emeralds possess a vitreous or glassy luster that gives them a noticeable shine and sparkle.

Cut: The way an emerald is cut has a significant impact on its appearance and worth. A well-cut emerald will showcase excellent color and brightness while minimizing visible inclusions.

Some cultures believe the emerald possesses healing powers, specifically against poison and infection.

The emerald was favored by the rich and famous and was often worn as a statement piece when attending big events. Additionally, it is often gifted as a present for the 20th and 35th wedding anniversary.

The emerald symbolizes loyalty, new beginnings, peace, and security.

Choosing The Perfect Emerald for Your Jewelry

Choosing the perfect emerald involves considering several factors, including the 4Cs:

Color: Look for an emerald with a rich, vibrant green color evenly distributed throughout the stone. Avoid stones with a yellow or blue tint, as these can decrease the gem’s value.

Clarity: Inclusions are common in emeralds, but they should not be so numerous or large that they affect the transparency or sparkle of the stone. Choose an emerald with fewer visible inclusions, but remember that emeralds without any inclusions are extremely rare and expensive.

Cut: The cut of the emerald can affect its beauty and value. Choose a stone with a symmetrical and proportional cut that highlights its color and minimizes visible inclusions.

Carat weight: The size of an emerald affects its value, but it’s essential to balance carat weight with color, clarity, and cut. A smaller emerald with excellent color and clarity may be more valuable than a larger stone with poorer quality.

Origin: Emeralds from certain locations, such as Colombia, are highly prized for their quality and rarity. Consider the origin of the stone and any associated history or lore when choosing an emerald.

It’s also a good idea to purchase an emerald from a reputable jeweler who can provide certification and expert guidance on choosing the best stone for your budget and preferences, such as with us at Gemsperience.


The emerald is an intriguing gem highly prized for its beauty, rarity, and symbolism for thousands of years. Due to its striking green hue, dazzling sparkle, and unique features, it has captured the attention and admiration of people from different backgrounds, from ancient Egypt to European monarchs to modern-day jewelry enthusiasts. When selecting an emerald, it’s crucial to consider its color, clarity, cut, weight, and origin and to purchase from a trustworthy jeweler who can offer professional advice. Whether you have a fondness for gemstones or just admire the emerald’s allure, it’s evident why this captivating May birthstone continues to fascinate and attract us.https://gemsperience.de/en/quality-of-diamonds-for-engagement-rings/